Brussels is well-known for its waffles, chocolates, Grand Place but also for … mobility (and parking) problems.
About 708,900 people were working in Brussels end of 2016 which represents 15% of national jobs according to a recent study of the Saint Louis University.
About one out of two workers commutes by car to Brussels making the car the favourite mean of transport. Being an internal worker (inhabitant of the Brussels zone) or external plays a predominant role in the use or not of a vehicle. The areas least well served by public transports are on the edge of the Brussels region, which would explain a more intensive use of the car. However, external workers tend to favor the train to reach the central areas, but it tends to decrease as one moves away to return to the car.
According to the St Louis’ researchers, the place of residence and work and their parking availabilities remain the main influence regarding the choice of transport mean. Other factors influence as well such as the status, the sector of activity or the education.
The highest the level of education, the most he will use his car to go to work and so increase the parking needs. In the same way, the use of the bicycle tends to increase with the degree of education. Carpooling remains mostly used by less qualified workers because of the economic difficulties of having access to a personal vehicle. Regarding the status, the self-employed mainly use the car given the daily constraints of their activity (travel, goods, …). If we now compare the public sector and the private sector, it is not surprising that we find a majority use of the train for the first and the car for the second.
Belgium does not receive the best student mobility prize given the high daily use of the car. However, changing attitudes and technological innovation could lead to an improvement in the medium to long term. Many applications, such as Commuty for example, are available to enable better mobility and smart parking management. The latter allows a redistribution of parking spots in business and leads it to organize itself in a cost reduction approach. A smart application for companies who would like to find a solution for their parking.